Three Reading Samples on George Orwell’s “1984”


Orwell, George – 1984
By Tobias Franke, 2001

 http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/99743/orwell-george-1984

The novel is set in the year 1984 in London in Oceania, a superpower controlled by the restrictive "Party" and led by the symbolic head Big Brother. Everywhere you can see large posters of him saying: "Big Brother Is Watching You". The slogans of the party are:
WAR IS PEACE!
FREEDOM IS SLAVERY! IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH!
The entire apparatus of government in Ociania is divided in four Ministries: The Ministry of Truth, which concerns itself with news, entertainment, education and the fine arts. The Ministry of Peace, which concerns itself with war. The Ministry of Love, which maintains law and order and the Ministry of Plenty, which is responsible for economic affairs. The regime has invented a new language, called Newspeak, the official language in Oceania. The names of the Ministries in Newspeak are Minitrue, Minipax, Miniluv and Miniplenty. The Ministry of Love is the really frightening one. It is a place impossible to enter except on official business, and then only by penetrating through a maze of barbed wire entanglements, steel doors and hidden machine-gun nests.
The Party controls the industry and the production of all goods. But the worst thing is, that it alters the past by rewriting or destroying all old documents. What was true yesterday can be wrong today. It is forbidden to think against the party, to say nothing of public demonstrations.
Now, the Party is about to invent a new language, called Newspeak. Newspeak should prevent everybody from thinking wrong, which is called crimethink in Newspeak. The vocabulary is reduced, so that there is no way of thinking wrong, because you can't express it.
To oversee all people, the party has organized a secret organization, the Thought Police, which uses modern telescreens to control each single person. The telescreen receives and transmits simultaneously. In almost every room is fixed a telescreen and everything that happens is transmitted to the Thought Police, but how often or on what system the Thought Police plugged in on any individual wire was guesswork.
The book is written from Winston's point of view, but there is a third-person narrator.

Orwell's Oceania and the U.S.A. after September 11: Will Fiction Become Fact?
Author Magister Oliver Trenk
Subject American Studies - Comparative Literature
Category Diploma Thesis, 2004

 http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/29040/orwell-s-oceania-and-the-u-s-a-after-september-11-will-fiction-become


Censorship and Nineteen Eighty-four
By anonymous, 2011

 http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/180689/censorship-and-nineteen-eighty-four