Having no access to drinking water is one of the main causes of illnesses that lead thousands of children in the world to their death is. According to the United Nations Program for Development, every day about 5 thousand children (in the whole world) lose their life as a direct consequence of illnesses caused by lack of hygiene, by dirty water, by the complete absence of any type of health control. And thanks, most of all, to the failings of governments who spend more money in rushing towards improbable armaments, than on bettering the sanitary conditions of the population.

Mexico. Starting from this initial fact, if one analyses it thoroughly, one notices that at least 13 Mexican children die every day (in all, almost 2 million children and adolescents loose their life for various reasons every year) because of the suffering which is the consequence of a crisis, the water one, which in this land seems to have no end. Mexico spends a great deal of money every year to buy weapons, and very little to renovate o build the infrastructures that could ensure a continuous and safe supply of water in regions such as Guerrero, Chiapas or Oaxaca (the last of which in these days is the focus of international news because of the violent social and political crisis that has lasted for 5 months now), states which are very poor but not completely without water. And it seems to be a contradiction, as Ryann Zinn, coordinator of the Global Exchange programs in Chiapas, explains: “Chiapas contains 40% of the fresh water supply of the whole of Mexico, and with half of the country suffering from drought it is one of the first targets of privatization. It’s no secret that in Chiapas Monsanto and Coca-Cola are already trying to take possession of this new market. Coca-Cola has already entered the water market, exerting pressure on mayors and town councils to make informal agreements for the purchasing of drinking water official, thanks to some territorial laws that are preferential with municipalities”.
Those responsible for the United Nations Program for Development state that the near absence of drinking water in the poorest regions of the Country causes illnesses like diarrhoea which is “the second cause of death in children. It kills five times more than malaria and tubercolosis put together, or, if we want to exagerate, it kills more victims than any terrorist attack than has been carried out up to now. Maybe only the massacre of the 11th September has caused so many victims on its own”.
Mexico is included of the list of countries who have decided, in spite of the water crisis that grips them, to spend yet more money in armaments, rather than on the necessity of modernizing the water mains or of looking for water in those regions (Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca) where the level of social development leaves much to be desired.
Just remember that military investments are six times greater than those for social development: if we compare them to Pakistan, however, where the expenses for weapons are 47 times greater than those for social development, we can say that Mexicans are not so badly off.
But the crisis, according to the United Nations Program for development, is world-wide and is encouraged daily by inequality and poverty. For example, the differences between rich Mexicans and poor Mexicans is so great, that they are an object of study.
But the United Nations report does not confine itself to this phenomenon. In fact other situations are also referred to in the report, such as the ones that cities like New Dehli and Dhaka are experiencing, where about 40 percent of pumped water is filtered in pipes that are corroded by rust or is stolen to be sold illegally.

Not only Mexico. One billion and three million people in the world don’t have access to drinking water, and this despite technology. And it shouldn’t matter if there are more in Africa or in Latin America, that’s not important. “It is now a problem that concerns the whole world. Not only the south of the world” says Rosario Lembo, secretary of the Italian Committee for the World Agreement on Water. In South America, but the situation is getting worse a little at a time in every continent, the problem at the moment are the waterways, Lembo points out: “The big rivers are disappearing. Let’s remember that the Amazon, in the last years, has lost 30 percent of it flow because of drought”. But it’s not only “poor” nations that are having trouble with this precious and vital commodity. “Let’s take the example of the river Colorado, which today has been practically reduced to a desert: once it used to flow as far as Mexico from the USA. So we can say that there is a water resourse problem that touches the great catchment basins, and there is also a problem of access to drinking water, which goes on decreasing. And we can think of a large nation like Brasil, with enormous catchment basins (the biggest in the world), that can’t make water available to 40 million people”. So the problem concerns everyone, countries rich in water resources and countries less rich in them, because it is the possibility of having access to the water that is worrying, not its presence. Making drinking water available also requires big investments in money. To make water drinkable a government has to invest in infrastructures, build reservoirs, canalizations, and distribution nets (with all the necessary works for water to reach our homes